Jesus in The Offerings & Sacrifices
Leviticus 1:5

 

     There are five offering or sacrifices in the Bible. They are burnt, meat, peace, sin, and trespass. It takes all five to present Christ's work. The first three are sweet savour. The last two are non-sweet savour; they have to do with sin - that is, they picture Christ as the sinner's substitute.

     There were different types of sacrifices used. There were three kinds of four-footed beasts - oxen, sheep, and goats. There also were two birds of sacrifice - turtle-doves and young pigeons. All sacrifices were either such as were offered on the ground of communion with God (Burnt and Peace), or else as were intended to restore that communion when it had been dimmed (Sin and trespass).

     The burnt offering is introduced in Leviticus 1. It represents complete surrender unto God whether of the individual or the congregation. Thus it could not be offered without the shedding of blood. This portrays our Lord's perfect submission to the Father. He was obedient unto death. The sacrifice was always a male animal indicating strength and energy. His blood was sprinkled on altar and he was cut in pieces and wholly burned.

     The meat offering of Leviticus 2 was really a meal offering since there is no flesh in it. It comes from the vegetable kingdom and had no blood. It brings before us the products of the soil - that which represents the sweat of man's brow and labor. There are three varieties of the sacrifice and all speak of Christ. The first is fine flour. It was ground and sifted. This speaks of evenness and balance of Christ. There is no excess or lack of any quality. The grain, ground between the millstones and exposed to fire, speaks of Christ's sacrifice. There was also frankincense. Frank means whiteness and speaks of purity. Incense speaks of prayer - "He ever liveth to make intercession." The fragrance speaks of the fragrance of His life. He is the Lily of the Valley.

     Next there are baked loaves. They are cakes mixed with oil. No leaven is permitted. there was no decay or corruption in our Lord. There could also be no honey. Honey is a natural sweetness which stands for natural sweetness apart from grace. Honey causes and promotes fermentation. Salt was to be used, preserving against corruption.

     Green corn was dried by fire and beaten. This pictures the suffering of Christ. Full ears show excellence and perfection. The firstfruits of the harvest were the best, full, first, and finest ears.

     The peace offering of Leviticus 3 speaks of happy fellowship. It was followed other feasts. it could be either public or private, as well as male or female. Leviticus 7 tells us that the "inwards" were waved before the Lord, along with "the breast" and "right shoulder." The purpose of the waving was to present the sacrifice to the Lord and then to receive it back from Him. This offering is typical of Christ in relation to the believer's peace. Col. 1:20.

     The sin offering of Leviticus 4 was not like the trespass offering, which only atoned for one special offense. The sin offering symbolized general redemption. This is the most important of all sacrifices. Every spot of blood from a sin offering on a garment conveyed defilement.

     The trespass offering in Leviticus 5 provided for certain transgressions committed through ignorance. This demands confession. It was prescribed in the cases of healed lepers in Leviticus 14:12. In this offering, blood was thrown on the corners of the altars.

     Let us now compare the offerings.
(1) Burnt offering (oblation). Through Christ's finished work we come into the presence of God for worship.
(2) Meat offering (Human perfection). Speaks of His unblemished manhood.
(3) Peace offering (conciliation). Christ our peace.
(4) Sin offering (expiation). Christ settles the question of sin.
Man is a guilty transgressor and needs forgiveness - (Trespass offering, Ch. 5).
Man is a sinner and needs atoning sacrifice - (Sin offering, Ch. 4).
Man has a heart alienated from God and needs reconciliation - (Peace offering, Ch. 3).
Man, fallen and depraved, needs a substitute - (Meat offering, Ch. 2).
Man is unworthy and needs to be identified with a Worthy One - (Burnt offering, Ch. 1).

O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!"
(Rom. 11:33).

 
     
 
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